Children of war in Sri Lanka
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Children of war in Sri Lanka promoting resilience through faith development by Chandima Fernando

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Published .
Written in English


  • Children -- Sri Lanka -- Social conditions.,
  • Children and war -- Sri Lanka.,
  • Orphans -- Sri Lanka -- Social conditions.,
  • Resilience (Personality trait) in children -- Sri Lanka.,
  • Buddhism and social problems -- Sri Lanka.,
  • Sri Lanka -- Religion.

Book details:

About the Edition

Building on my Master"s research, the present study examined processes that promote adaptive and maladaptive courses of development in children of war in Sri Lanka. Particular attention was placed on faith development. The study involved 77 participants (62 children and 15 caregivers). Children ranged between 5 to 18 years of age. Caregivers were between 25 to 80 years of age. Participants included war orphans, non-war orphans and a comparison group of children from intact families. Children"s measures included: Goodenough Harris Drawings (man and woman), Risk and Resilience Indices, Sandtray Analysis (Construction and Narrative), Stages of Faith interview (Adaptation of Fowler"s) and a Sentence Completion task. Adult measures included: Stages of Faith interview (Adaptation of Fowler"s) and a Sentence Completion task. A mixed methodological approach (quantitative/qualitative) was used. Scoring was completed by two raters, whose inter-rater reliability was 90% and above.Findings found similar indicators of general risk and resilience as in previous research, as well as idioms of risk and resilience that were context specific. Idioms of resilience included planned competence, provision of educational and social opportunities within orphanages, tailored caregiving, flexible support systems for parents in transition from trauma, and use of religious traditions for health promotion. Contrary to past research, most of these children demonstrated resilience in the face of adversity, with development progressing substantially better than expected given exposure to risk circumstances. Resilient orphans identified religious practices as important to them and used them to cope with difficulties, and promote well being and provide a sense of belonging. However, lack of contact with biological parents after being placed in orphanages posed a unique idiom of risk for war orphans. Unlike many Western studies, it appears that the children within Sri Lankan orphanages are given many opportunities which enable them to feel supported and empowered. Orphanage caregivers valued faith practice both personally and when caring for children, while comparison caregivers and children valued family and community relationships personally, despite recognizing the importance of having faith. Although all participants spoke of faith at age appropriate levels, orphans and orphan-caregivers were more action-oriented, while comparison participants were more philosophical.

Edition Notes

Statementby Chandi Fernando.
The Physical Object
Paginationxvii, 378 leaves :
Number of Pages378
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL20189818M
ISBN 109780494218815

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